Diabetes is when there is a higher-than-normal amount of glucose in the blood. It may be present before pregnancy or develop during pregnancy. Diabetes that develops in pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after pregnancy but can happen again in future pregnancies.
Higher sugar levels cross the placenta and can cause the baby to grow larger (macrosomia). If you have or develop diabetes, you will be looked after by a specialist team who will check you and your baby closely throughout pregnancy.
Keeping your blood sugar as near normal as possible can prevent problems for you and your baby.
Diabetes is the most common pre-existing medical disorder complicating pregnancy in the UK.
Your pregnancy is regarded as high risk and you will be looked after by a specialist team who will check you and your baby closely throughout pregnancy.
The information helps you to understand the care and treatment options that should be available in the NHS.
If you are planning a pregnancy or think you are pregnant with pre-existing diabetes please contact your GP to discuss getting pregnant safely. You can find some useful starting points here: Diabetes and pregnancy - NHS
Babies of Women with Diabetes
Following the birth of your baby, you will be given the opportunity to cuddle your baby skin to skin and to offer an early feed by your chosen method.
Your baby will need regular blood glucose monitoring. This can be carried out at your bedside on the postnatal ward.
Maternal obesity has become one of the most commonly occurring risk factors for complications in pregnancy. Obesity in pregnancy is usually defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or more at the first antenatal consultation. BMI is a simple index of weight-for-height and is calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by the square of their height in metres (kg/m2).
Your BMI is recorded in your pregnancy notes and is a useful measurement for pregnancy.
- An underweight person has a BMI less than 18.5
- A person of a healthy weight has a BMI 18.5 to 24.9
- A mildly overweight person has a BMI 25 to 30
- A moderately overweight person has a BMI 30 to 35
- A seriously overweight person has a BMI over 35
Genital Herpes (Herpes Simplex Virus) in Pregnancy (HSV)
This information is for you if you are pregnant and want to know about genital herpes and pregnancy. If you are a partner, relative or friend of someone who is in this situation, you may also find it helpful.
If you have HSV and are pregnant it is important to inform your midwife.